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Red gold seasonal workers.


Circular migration of Moroccan workers in Spain.

For a few months every year, a large-scale temporary workforce is required in Huelva, Southern Spain, for the intensive farming of strawberries. The seasonal workers employed during this period are mainly migrant workers. To prevent these workers remaining on their soil, the Spanish government recruits the exact number of workers needed for each harvest directly in the country of origin. The Spanish producer groups organize the recruitment in cooperation with the Moroccan administration. The workers are then brought to Spain and dispatched to the various farms. They are repatriated to Morocco at the end of their contract. This system, known as circular migration, is encouraged by the EU as it allows labour needs to be met while preventing migrants from remaining on European soil. To learn more I followed Halima and Malika from their village in the Moroccan Middle Atlas all the way to one of Agromolinillo’s farms in Andalousia, where they worked for 3 months. This photo reportage, published by Marie-Claire France, allowed me to discover an unimaginable reality within Europe’s borders.


 

Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347834

Halima et son fils Issam, 10 ans se promènent dans les rue de Beni Mellal.

Beni Mellal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347828

Village Marocain de Beni Mellal situé entre le Moyen Atlas et la plaine de Tadla, au centre du pays.

Beni Mellal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347826

Zahra (à gauche) et Halima (à droite) vivent toutes les deux à Beni Mellal mais sont devenues amies en travaillant ensemble en Espagne.

Beni Mellal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347827

Une saison de cueillette en Espagne permet à Zahra de financer la construction d'un étage de sa maison à Beni Mellal.

Beni Mellal, Tadla-Azilal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347825

Zahra's son (left) and Halima's son in Zahra's living room.

Beni Mellal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347824

The day before she leaves, Halima, being rowed by her brother, goes to say goodbye to her father.

Middle Atlas, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347831

Alors que Halima s'absentera 3 ou 4 mois pour la cueillette des fraises en Espagne, ses quatre enfants resteront seuls au village. De gauche à droite: Fatma (19 ans), Hassan (13 ans), Issam (10 ans) et Karim (14 ans).

Beni Mellal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347823

Brushing et épilation avant le grand départ.

Beni Mellal, Tadla-Azilal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347821

Adieux aux enfants avant de monter dans le taxi collectif qui conduira Halima à la gare

Beni Mellal, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347820

Port de Tanger, 6 heures du matin. Des saisonnières attendent le ferry pour Alajaziras.

Tanger, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347819

Port de Tanger, point de départ des ferries pour l'Espagne.

Tanger, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347818

Red gold seasonal workers.

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MARIE-CLAIRE

 

Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347817

Red gold seasonal workers.

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0348929

A group of Moroccan seasonal workers wait to embark on a ferry that will take them to Spain.

Tanger, Morocco - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347814

Strawberry picking near Cartaya in Andalousia. These seasonal workers are paid 34 euros for 7 hours work, ten times what they would have earned in Morocco.

Cartaya, Andalousia, Spain - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347812

Une saisonnière récolte des fraises dans un champs de l'entreprise familiale Curri.

Andalousie, Spain - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347810

One of the seasonal workers picks strawberries in a field belonging to the family-run company, Curri.

Andalousia, Spain - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347796

Le second chef de champs, un employé espagnol compte et fait peser les caisses de myrtilles récoltées par les saisonnières.

Andanlousie, Spain - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347809

Dans l'exploitation familiale Curri, une quinzaine de maisons abritent des appartements communautaires où sont logées les saisonnières.

Andanlousie, Spain - 09/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347808

Nouria montre les photos de ses filles. A droite, Rahma (27 ans), à qui son mari demande rentrer au Maroc pour s'occuper de leur fille de un an.

Andalousie, Spain - 08/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347798

Halima (49 ans) fait le pain dans la pièce à vivre du logement qu'elle partage avec ses collègues.

Andanlousie, Spain - 09/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347795

Logements provisoires pour les saisonnières au milieu des champs de myrtilles et de fraises dans la région de Moguer.

Andanlousie, Spain - 09/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347794

A seasonal worker hangs out her washing between the portacabins that they live in.

Andalousia, Spain - 09/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347793

A seasonal worker shows a photo of her daughter who has stayed behind in Morocco.

Andalousia, Spain - 09/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347791

Seasonal workers chat in their bedroom after a day's work in the Curri strawberry fields.

Andalousia, Spain - 09/04/2011

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Bruno Fert / Picturetank FEB0347789

To call their children, Halima and her co-workers must walk roughly 5 kilometres to the village of Moguer.

Moguer, Andalousia, Spain - 09/04/2011

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